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Periodontal Treatment in London – Prevention of Gum Disease

Gum disease also known as Periodontal disease, is a very common condition that affects most adults with natural teeth at some point. If it is left undiagnosed and untreated it can affect the health of your gum and often lead to tooth loss. If it is treated early on by either dentist, hygienist or periodontist then effects can be reversed.

So if you are looking for gum disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment in Camden or anywhere in London then NW1 Dental Care can help.  We offer a range of periodontal treatments in London and have helped our patients maintain healthy gum and prevent periodontal disease.

What is Gum disease?

Gum disease is gum infection where the soft tissues surrounding the teeth(gums) become inflamed due to bacteria. It is a very common problem that can easily be treated but if neglected then in severe form can destroy the bone that supports your teeth leading to loose teeth or loss of a tooth.

The primary cause of gum disease is a plaque which is a sticky, colourless film that forms on your teeth on daily basis. Plaque is composed of numerous strains of bacteria that stick to your teeth, roots, and gum line.  Plaque starts to build up within minutes after you brush and floss your teeth and if it is not removed with proper oral care then it will harden into calculus or tartar. Initially, plaque can be easily removed by regular brushing twice a day and flossing. However, if plaque remains on the teeth then it will harden into calculus or tartar for which you will need to get professional deep cleaning or periodontal treatment at a dental clinic.

If untreated the bone loss will make the tooth loose and eventually fall out.  The bone loss could be irreversible, and so we target to prevent the bone loss before it’s too late to save your teeth.

Gum Disease Treatment

Symptoms of Gum Disease

You might not even know you have gum disease and it can progress undetected as it’s difficult to diagnose it yourself since it’s not painful and you might not show any obvious symptoms. This is one of the reasons, it’s important to visit your dentist for regular 6 monthly check-ups. Some of the common signs of periodontal disease are :

  • Bleeding gums while brushing or flossing your teeth
  • Swollen and red gums
  • Loose tooth or teeth
  • Unpleasant taste in the mouth
  • Bad breath
  • Gums which have lifted away or receded from the teeth
  • Gum abscesses (Pus around the teeth and gums)
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Deep gum pockets
  • New spacing between teeth – at a later stage of gum disease
  • A change in the way your teeth meet together when you bite

Stages of Gum Disease

 Stage 1 : Gingivitis – Early Gum Disease

The initial stage Inflammation of the tissues surrounding the teeth (the gums) which become inflamed due to bacteria. Symptoms include swollen, red-looking gums that tend to bleed on touching, brushing or flossing. If this is not treated swiftly then the gum can actually pull away from the tooth leaving pockets where plaque can be deposited and harden to calculus which can lead to further bleeding spontaneously, bad breath and a funny taste. Gums can also recede (shrink) exposing the root of the tooth which can result in sensitivity to hot and cold due to exposed dentine.

Treatment for Gingivitis :
  • Regular dental check-ups at the dentist to check for signs of gingivitis
  • A regular hygiene appointment to remove any calculus debris.
  • Daily home care routine to prevent gingivitis

Stage 2 : Periodontal Gum Disease

This is the chronic form of gingivitis where the inflammation has progressed to bone loss resulting in pockets between the teeth and gums. The bone loss if extensive can make the tooth mobile, affecting chewing and speech. These loose teeth can start moving position.   At this stage the goal is to stabilise the condition with periodontal treatment to prevent further progression to maintain the teeth for as long as possible.

Treatment for Periodontitis
  • Deep cleaning – Special scaling instruments are used to clean the plaque and tartar that has built up on the tooth and underneath the gum line where the bacteria is on the roots of the tooth. This is known as scaling and root planing. The gum can then attempt to heal naturally and reattach to the tooth.
  • Medicated mouthwashes – To help control the buildup of plaque
  • Periowave – For most cases where scale and polish can’t treat the condition of the gums Periowave treatment is recommended and widely used. Periowave is a painless, quick, non-antibiotic and effective procedure that can significantly improve treatment outcome when combined with scaling and root planing. A non-thermal laser which works to kill bacteria associated with periodontal disease. It is a powerful photo disinfection reaction that inactivates the harmful bacterias and toxins associated with periodontal disease that are left behind after deep cleaning. The gum then has the best ability to heal naturally and reattach to the tooth.

Periowave Process :

The dentist will first perform a deep cleaning in the affected area or all of the mouth. A specially formulated photosynthesizing blue solution is then applied around the gums in the affected area. The blue solution preferentially attaches to the harmful bacteria and toxins which are remaining and are associated with periodontal disease.

The Periowave non-thermal, light-diffusing tip is then inserted into each treatment site for 60 seconds destroying the harmful bacteria and toxins painlessly and without the use of antibiotics. Results are often immediate and include healthier less red looking gums, less bleeding, and no more bad smell.

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